


Mathematics Skill or Topic Area: Data, Prediction and Linear Functions 

Next Gen Science Framework ESS1.A The universe and its stars; PS4.A Wave properties; PS4.B electromagnetic spectrum; PS4.C Information technologies and instrumentation; ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem; ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions; ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution Common Core ELA for Science: RST.68.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.RST.68.8. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. RST.68.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. Common Core Math Standard: CCS.8.SP.A.1 Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities; CCS.8.SP.A.2 Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables; CCS.8.SP.A.3 Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept.


Video Engagement: Hubble Wide Field Camera 3 The new Wide Field Camera allows researchers to see further in space than ever before and record objects the human eye cannot see. (6 minutes) View Program 


Explore math connections with SpaceMath@NASA 

Problem I  Our Expanding Universe!  Students plot data for the speeds and distances of galaxies and learn about Hubble's Law for the expanding universe. Then they use a linear equation to make estimates from this data. [ Open PDF ] Problem II  Exploring Infant Galaxies  Students learn about the cosmological redshift, z, and use this variable to calculate the temperature of the universe, the expansion of space, and the lookback time for distant objects. [ Open PDF ] Explain your thinking: Write your own problem  Using information found in the Math Connection problems, the press release or the video program, create your own math problem. Explain why you set the problem up this way, and how you might find its answer. Evaluate your understanding: Challenge Problem 


NASA / JPL 3D Solar System 

Extend your new knowledge  Students visit the Voyager 1 and Pioneer 10 spacecraft, estimate their lighttravel distances from each other, compare this to the distance to the nearest star, and explore expanding space. [ Open PDF ] 
