﻿ Insight: Space Math for InSight
 Explore Mars Seismology Explore Heat Flow Explore Mars Interior Math Problems
Space Math for InSight

## Exploring the Interior of Mars with the Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment (RISE)

To track Mars' reflexes, or the way it wobbles when it is pulled by the sun, an investigation called RISE will precisely measure the Doppler shift and ranging of radio communications sent between the InSight lander and Earth. By tracking wobble, scientists can determine the distribution of the Red Planet's internal structures and better understand how the planet is built. RISE uses the lander's X-band radio link for Doppler tracking of the lander's location with an accuracy of a handful of cm. Since the lander is attached to the planet, this allows the measurement of the rotation of Mars, and particularly variations in its rotation axis. These rotational variations are related primarily to the size and state of the core, through its effect on the moment of inertia and damping of Mars.

## Video Resources

1-Exploring the Surface of Mars: Curiosity...[Link]

## In the News

1-InSight mission to Look Inside Mars...[Link]
2-Candidate Sites for 2016 Mars Mission...[Link]
4-Extensive Water in Mars Interior ...[Link]
6-A New Martian Impact Crater Appears...[Link]

## Individual Problems

3-Properties of Mars as a Planet....[Link]
1-Modeling Mars with Spherical Shells ....[Link]
2-Exploring the Mass of Mars ....[Link]
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#### Common Core State Standards

Science and Engineering Practices
##### --- (HS-PS2-1) Analyze data using tools, technology or models (computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims.... (HS-ESS1-1) Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the relationships between systems or components of a system...(HS-ESS1-2) Construct an explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from a variety of sources including students own investigations, theories, simulations and peer review. (MS-ESS1-3) Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the analysis of data from Earth-based instruments, space-based telescopes, and spacecraft to determine similarities and differences among solar system objects. Examples of scale properties include the sizes of an object’s layers (such as crust and atmosphere), surface features (such as volcanoes), and orbital radius. Examples of data include statistical information, drawings and photographs, and models.]
Expressions and Equations
ELA/Literacy:
##### ---(RTS.11-12.1) Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account. (RTS.11-12.2) Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.

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