To take the temperature of Mars, which is a key indicator of planetary evolution, InSight will deploy a heat flow probe on the surface of Mars.
The instrument, known as HP3, will hammer five meters into the Martian subsurface, deeper than all previous arms, scoops, drills
and probes, to learn how much heat is coming from Mars' interior and reveal the planet's thermal history. HP3 has a self-penetrating
"mole" that burrows down to five meters below the surface. It trails a tether containing precise temperature sensors every ~10 cm to
measure the temperature profile of the subsurface.Together with measurements of thermal conductivity, this allows a precise
determination of the amount of heat escaping from the planet's interior.
|Science and Engineering Practices
(HS-PS2-1) Analyze data using tools, technology or models (computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims....
(HS-ESS1-1) Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the relationships between systems or components of a system...
(HS-ESS1-2) Construct an explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from a variety of sources including students
own investigations, theories, simulations and peer review....
Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the analysis
of data from Earth-based instruments, space-based telescopes, and spacecraft to determine similarities and differences among solar system objects.
Examples of scale properties include the sizes of an object’s layers (such as crust and atmosphere), surface features (such as volcanoes),
and orbital radius. Examples of data include statistical information, drawings and photographs, and models.]
||Expressions and Equations
(8.EE.c.7) Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations..... (HS.Modeling) Graphing utilities, spreadsheets,
computer algebra systems, and dynamic geometry software are powerful tools that can be used to model purely mathematical phenomena
as well as physical phenomena...(NGSS.MP.2) Reason abstractly and quantitatively....(NGSS.MP.4) Model with mathematics....(NGSS.HSN.Q.A.1)
Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step
problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and
interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays...
---(RTS.11-12.1) Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical
texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps
or inconsistencies in the account. (RTS.11-12.2) Determine the central ideas
or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information
presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.