﻿ Insight: Space Math for InSight
 Explore Mars Seismology Explore Heat Flow Explore Mars Interior Math Problems
Space Math for InSight

## Exploring the Crust of Mars with the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3)

To take the temperature of Mars, which is a key indicator of planetary evolution, InSight will deploy a heat flow probe on the surface of Mars. The instrument, known as HP3, will hammer five meters into the Martian subsurface, deeper than all previous arms, scoops, drills and probes, to learn how much heat is coming from Mars' interior and reveal the planet's thermal history. HP3 has a self-penetrating "mole" that burrows down to five meters below the surface. It trails a tether containing precise temperature sensors every ~10 cm to measure the temperature profile of the subsurface.Together with measurements of thermal conductivity, this allows a precise determination of the amount of heat escaping from the planet's interior.

## Video Resources

1-Exploring the Surface of Mars: Curiosity...[Link]

## In the News

1-InSight mission to Look Inside Mars...[Link]
2-Candidate Sites for 2016 Mars Mission...[Link]
4-Extensive Water in Mars Interior ...[Link]
6-A New Martian Impact Crater Appears...[Link]

## Individual Problems

4-Heat Flow in the Martian Crust....[Link]
5-Heat Flow in the Martian Interior....[Link]
1-The Heat Output of Mars and Earth ....[Link]
2-Exploring Heat Flow and Insulation ....[Link]
3-The Temperature of Earths Crust ....[Link]
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#### Common Core State Standards

Science and Engineering Practices
##### --- (HS-PS2-1) Analyze data using tools, technology or models (computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims.... (HS-ESS1-1) Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the relationships between systems or components of a system...(HS-ESS1-2) Construct an explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from a variety of sources including students own investigations, theories, simulations and peer review....(MS-ESS1-3) Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the analysis of data from Earth-based instruments, space-based telescopes, and spacecraft to determine similarities and differences among solar system objects. Examples of scale properties include the sizes of an object’s layers (such as crust and atmosphere), surface features (such as volcanoes), and orbital radius. Examples of data include statistical information, drawings and photographs, and models.]
Expressions and Equations
ELA/Literacy:
##### ---(RTS.11-12.1) Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account. (RTS.11-12.2) Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.

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