


Mathematics Skill or Topic Area: Geometry and Angle Relationships 

Next Gen Science Standards ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe; ETS2: Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society Common Core ELA for Science: RST.68.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.RST.68.8. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. RST.68.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. Common Core Math Standard: CC.8.G.5: Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angleangle criterion for similarity of triangles. CC.8.G.7: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to determine unknown side lengths in right triangles in realworld and mathematical problems in two and three dimensions.


Video Engagement: Curiosity Goes to Mars Find out why Curiosity is the best name for the largest rover ever sent to another planet. Learn about the challenges of landing on a planet with an atmosphere and the geology and chemistry questions scientists hope to answer with instruments on the Mars Science Laboratory (6 minutes). View Program 


Explore math connections with SpaceMath@NASA 

Problem I  Taking a Stroll Around a Martian Crater  Students determine the circumference of a martian crater and calculate the time it would take for the Opportunity Rover to travel one complete circuit around the crater. [ Open PDF ] Problem II  Exploring the Mars Rover Landing Site Near Bonneville Crater  Students determine the scale of the photograph showing the Mars Rover landing area and calculate the sizes and lengths of various features in the image. [ Open PDF ] Explain your thinking: Write your own problem  Using information found in the Math Connection problems, the press release or the video program, create your own math problem. Explain why you set the problem up this way, and how you might find its answer. Evaluate your understanding: Challenge Problem   The $2.5 billion Curiosity Rover will spend 2 years roaming the floor of Crater Gale at a top speed of 300 meters per hour. This crater has many important geological features that could include signs of fossil life that once existed here some 3 billion years ago. In this problem, students calculate the distances between interesting features, and determine the time the Rover will travel between the features as part of its 2year timeline of activity. Students use satellite photo of the Mars Curiosity Rover's landing area and use coordinate geometry and the Pythagorean Theorem to compute distances to important way stations along the Rover's planned travels as it explores the floor of Crater Gale. [ Open PDF ]


NASA / JPL 3D Solar System 

Extend your new knowledge  Visit Mars using EOSS and the approach of the MSL spacecraft during its last 30 minutes of flight. [ Open PDF ] 
