


Mathematics Skill or Topic Area: Integers and the Coordinate Plane 

Next Gen Science Framework: ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System, PS3.A: Definitions of Energy, ETS1: Engineering Design Common Core ELA for Science: RST.68.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. RST.68.8. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. RST.68.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. Common Core Math Standard: 6.NS.8 Solve realworld and mathematical problems by graphing points in all four quadrants of the coordinate plane. Include use of coordinates and absolute value to find distances between points with the same first coordinate or the same second coordinate. 

Video Engagement: Rectangular Coordinate System This NASA eClips video segment students use a number line in a rectangular coordinate system. Identify horizontal and vertical axis lines, quadrants, coordinates, ordered pairs and integers. Example problems help review key concepts. (7 minutes). View Program 


Explore math connections with SpaceMath@NASA 

Problem I  Guess this Constellation!  For thousands of years astronomers have plotted the locations of the stars in the sky so that they can keep track of new events that happen, like the slow movement of a planet across the sky, or even an exploding star that suddenly appears. Only a few hundred bright stars can be seen with the naked eye looking from homes in a city. Traveling into the country, with its dark skies, increases the numbers of stars visible to the naked eye. In this problem students will graph the positions of several stars to form a star map, and identify the constellation! [Open PDF ] Problem II  Following the Curiosity Rover on Mars  The Curiosity Rover is traveling across the surface of Mars, stopping during the martian night to conserve energy. These stops are called Way Stations. Students will record the location of a series of Way Stations as ordered pairs in this problem.. Open PDF Explain your thinking: Write your own problem  Using information found in the Math Connection problems, the press release or the video program, create your own math problem. Explain why you set the problem up this way, and how you might find its answer. Evaluate your understanding: Challenge Problem  Our Place in the Milky Way  In this problem students will locate some famous nebulae in the Milky Way by comparing their coordinates with the locations of nearby spiral arms. Astronomers have been able to discover that there are 4 separate spiral arms in the Milky Way. Our galaxy is shaped very much like a gigantic pinwheel! The shape is more clearly defined as more objects are plotted. Open PDF


NASA / JPL 3D Solar System 

Extend your new knowledge  Explore different coordinate systems in the solar system. [ Open PDF ] 
