


Mathematics Skill or Topic Area: Measurement and Geometry 

Next Gen Science Framework: PS3.A: Definitions of Energy, PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer, ETS1: Engineering Design, ETS2.A: Interdependence of Science, Engineering, and Technology Common Core ELA for Science: RST.68.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. RST.68.8. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. RST.68.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. Common Core Math Standard: 6.RP.3 Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations; 6.RP.3.d Use ratio reasoning to convert measurement units; manipulate and transform units appropriately when multiplying or dividing quantities; 6 Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume. 

Video Engagement: Solar Power in Space This NASA eClips video segment lets students see how NASA technologies use alternative energy. Solar sails propel spacecraft through space. The International Space Station, or ISS, catches sunlight to provide electricity and oxygen to the station. (3 minutes). View Program 


Explore math connections with SpaceMath@NASA 

Problem I  Area of Rectangles and Complex Shapes   Solar cells can be attached directly to the outer surface of a satellite to convert sunlight into electricity for the satellite’s instruments. In this problem students will calculate the perimeter of several kinds of satellite surfaces. [Open PDF ] Problem II  Areas Derived from Scaled Drawings  Each of NASA’s twin Van Allen Probe spacecraft have four solar panel “wings” that provide power to the spacecraft instruments. Students will solve the problems in the attached file to calculate the electrical power the Van Allen satellites can generate. [Open PDF ] Explain your thinking: Write your own problem  Using information found in the Math Connection problems, the press release or the video program, create your own math problem. Explain why you set the problem up this way, and how you might find its answer. Evaluate your understanding: Challenge Problem  The Juno Spacecraft Solar Panels  The spacecraft has three solar panels, but the amount of solar energy falling on the panels is 27 times less than near Earth. Students calculate how much power Juno will produce from solar energy at Jupiter. [Open PDF ]


NASA / JPL 3D Solar System 

Extend your new knowledge  Compare the solar power at various locations in the solar system [ Open PDF ] 
