


Mathematics Skill or Topic Area: Data Collection and Analysis 

Next Gen Science Framework: PS1: Matter and Its Interactions, PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter, PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces, ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem, ETS2.B: Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World, ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System Common Core ELA for Science: RST.68.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. RST.68.8. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. RST.68.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. Common Core Math Standard: 6.SP.3 Recognize that a measure of center for a numerical data set summarizes all of its values with a single number, while a measure of variation describes how its values vary with a single number; 6.SP.4 Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots; 6.SP.5.c Giving quantitative measures of center (median and/or mean) and variability (interquartile range and/or mean absolute deviation), as well as describing any overall pattern and any striking deviations from the overall pattern with reference to the context in which the data were gathered. 

Video Engagement: Space Weather This NASA eClips video segment looks at space weather and examines the major impacts that space weather can have on Earth (5 minutes). View Program 


Explore math connections with SpaceMath@NASA 

Problem I  Investigating Solar Storm Magnetism  When a solar storm travels through space it carries part of the Sun's magnetic field with it. The Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) satellite measures the strength of this field and its polarity (North or South). In this problem students investigate ACE data to determine its basic properties. [Open PDF] Problem II  Exploring Sunspots and Solar Storms  Sunspots are a sign that the Sun is in a stormy state. Sometimes these storms can affect Earth and cause all kinds of problems such as satellite damage and electrical power outages. They can even harm astronauts working in space. Scientists use many different types of measurements to track this stormy activity. In this exercise students will learn how to analyze some of this data. [Open PDF] Explain your thinking: Write your own problem  Using information found in the Math Connection problems, the press release or the video program, create your own math problem. Explain why you set the problem up this way, and how you might find its answer. Evaluate your understanding: Challenge Problem  Magnetic observatories generate a huge amount of data – far too much for anyone to understand easily. To help scientists take a quick measure of Earth’s magnetic storminess, they invented the ‘Planetary Variability’ index: Kp. Scientists measure how much the magnetic field changes at 13 observatories around the world, and then average these measurements together. In the attached problem, Interpreting Bar Graphs, students will study and analyze the bar graph data for the magnetic index recorded between November 19 and 22, 2003 and see if they can answer the three questions. [Open PDF]


NASA / JPL 3D Solar System 

Extend your new knowledge  Visit the NASA Space Weather simulator and explore solar storm travel times. [ Open PDF ] 
