


Mathematics Skill or Topic Area: Graphing Functions 

Next Gen Science Framework: PS1: Matter and Its Interactions, PS3: Energy, LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics, ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems, ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems, ESS3.D: Global Climate Change, ETS2: Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society Common Core ELA for Science: RST.68.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. RST.68.8. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. RST.68.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. Common Core Math Standard: 6.EE.2.c Evaluate expressions at specific values of their variables. Include expressions that arise from formulas used in realworld problems. Perform arithmetic operations, including those involving wholenumber exponents, in the conventional order when there are no parentheses to specify a particular order (Order of Operations); 6.EE.6 Use variables to represent numbers and write expressions when solving a realworld or mathematical problem; understand that a variable can represent an unknown number, or, depending on the purpose at hand, any number in a specified set; 6.EE.7 Solve realworld and mathematical problems by writing and solving equations of the form x + p = q and px = q for cases in which p, q and x are all nonnegative rational numbers. 

Video Engagement: NASA and Biosphere 2 Visit Biosphere 2, operated by the University of Arizona, to find out how scientists are working with NASA to discover more about the effects of global climate change could have on key biomes. Learn about the characteristics that divide Earth into unique terrestrial biomes. (6 minutes) View Program 


Explore math connections with SpaceMath@NASA 

Problem I  Global Warming Trends  A combination of hundreds of climate studies have traced changes in the average temperature of Earth since before the Industrial Revolution in the 1800's. Students will graph and interpret data over the period from 1960 to 2050. [Open PDF ] Problem II  Carbon Dioxide Change  As humans continue to burn fossil fuels, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere changes. Students will use a simple mathematical model to make predictions about carbon dioxide abundances. [Open PDF ] Explain your thinking: Write your own problem  Using information found in the Math Connection problems, the press release or the video program, create your own math problem. Explain why you set the problem up this way, and how you might find its answer. Evaluate your understanding: Challenge Problem  As global temperatures increase, water expands, and so the volume of the world's oceans will steadily increase in time. This causes the sea level to increase. Students will use a simple function to analyze changes in sea level. [Open PDF ]


NASA / JPL 3D Solar System 

Extend your new knowledge  Satellites keep track of sea level and changes in Earth's temperature. Explore satellite orbit periods. [ Open PDF ] 
